The call for action regarding climate change and mitigating man’s negative impact on the planet is not new. However, there has been a shift in the last few years. It has moved from being a focus of ‘greenies’ and the ‘young’ to being accepted by the mainstream population as something that can no longer be ignored. It has evolved into a broader attitude encompassing Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) issues. With it has come an expectation and pressure from all stakeholders - customers/clients, shareholders and employees alike – for businesses to prove they are taking ESG seriously and what actions they are taking.
It’s no secret that businesses have a large impact on the world's environmental state. Reports have found that 100 companies are responsible for 71% of the world's greenhouse gas emissions. To reduce this negative perception, global companies are betting big with sustainability investments. For example, international oil company BP have reformed their business by forming an ‘integrated energy company’ with a goal to reach net zero carbon emissions by 2050. They have created actional steps including developing offshore wind projects with capacity to power 5 million homes.
Realistic sustainable processes will vary depending on the nature and size of a business’ operations. Focus could start on the four
low-hanging fruit of a company's operation - energy, water, material, and waste. Implementing change to reduce these elements not only
addresses ESG expectations but can lower operational costs, as well as yield potential increases in revenue. For example, remote working has
grown in popularity since COVID-19, and it has become an employee’s expectation that an employer will provide some form of flexible working.
This offering is great for the environment, as fewer cars on the road equates to less carbon dioxide being emitted into the air. For paper
items commonly used in the business place, look for materials made from post and pre consumer waste such as recycled products, which
maintain a circular economy. There will be a portion of a business' carbon footprint that cannot be reduced through sustainable practices.
For this portion, purchasing carbon offsets from carbon marketplaces can shift the needle to becoming carbon neutral.
Consumers are voting green with their wallets as they become educated about sustainability and ethical employment practices, causing buyers to reassess their purchasing habits. “Fast fashion” has become a well-known term – those who are lucky enough to afford it are doing their research about suppliers, to enable informed decisions when it comes to buying items such as clothes and shoes. People have become more willing to spend a bit extra for the peace of mind that they are not supporting unethical employment practices. In the same vein, existing and potential shareholders are increasingly scrutinizing a business’ non-financial results when making investment decisions.
While sustainability initiatives may not always deliver immediate benefits to the bottom line, a business that promotes environmental practices on the forefront of its business model may attract or retain clients and customers; while also connecting with its employees who value environmental sustainability at a personal level.